Research program leveraging SWORD
Begin : 02/09/2013
Duration : 36 months


Logo-SicomoresSICOMORES (Simulation Constructive et Modélisation des effets des Opérations d’influence dans les réseaux Sociaux) intends to create a population model which describes and simulates the effects of psychological and CIMIC (Civil Military Co-­operation) military operations.

For this project MASA Group provides the SWORD simulation, enhanced by specifically­-designed new missions, together with a software component that modelizes the effects of the afore-mentioned operations on the population. The project is a research program funded by the DGA and DGCIS, in the context of a RAPID (Régime d’Appui Pour l’Innovation Duale) plan.



In the context of specific Information Operations (Info Ops) training, the use of simulation remains relatively limited. Indeed, though the majority of military forces readiness centers are today equipped with simulations for force on force training purposes, none of them are designed to take into account Key Leader Engagement (KLE), Psychological Operations (PSYOPS), or Civil Military Co­operation (CIMIC).


This is in part explained by the difficulty involved in measuring the effects of such operations, and the complexity of their modeling.

  • Technical issues :
    • Model for Information Operations for Influence
    • Message Propagation model in a population through communication newtorks
    • Rendering model the effects of Information actions
  • Issues concerning the human­-machine interface :
    • How to initialize a situation the Human Environnement ?
    • How to monitor the situation?
    • How to inject an order ?
    • Parameter types are they the same in force-on-force simulations ?
    • How to track the progress of an Information Operation ?
  • Use issues :
    • How to train officers in charge of Information operations using simulators ?
    • How to help officers in charge of the planning of Information operations using simulators ?
    • How and why linking force-on-force simulations and Information Operations Simulations ?



The SICOMORES project aims to put forward and develop a software solution based on simulation to assist in the training of Info Ops officers. More specifically, the project provides the following components to provide effective and realistic models :

  • The automatic generation of different populations based on cultural features,
  • The representation of social networks within the population,
  • The propagation of effects among social networks,
  • The monitoring of the situation


Research and industrial partners include :

  • LSIS ­- Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Information et des Systèmes (Université d’Aix Marseille, France) –­ Research Partner
  • IMS (Université de Bordeaux I / Sciences et Technologies) -­ Research Partner
  • MASA Group (Leader)

Main Workpackages

  • Modélisation conceptuelle
  • Modélisation formelle et interopérabilité
  • Modélisation de l’architecture & Implémentation
  • Validation & evaluation

Publications, Conference Papers

Youssef Bouanan, Grégory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir
DEVS modelling and simulation of human social interaction and influence.(Impact Factor. 2014 : 2.21). Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence – Vol. 50, P. 83-92, 2016.

Ariane Bitoun, Romain Bosa, Tahar Hannachi, Lionel Khimeche
Innovative division/brigade level Commanding Officer training solution for Influence Operations, I/ITSEC 2015, Nov 2015, Orlando, USA.

Youssef Bouanan, Grégory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir
Modelling of social influence with DEVS and CELLDEVS formalism, The 11th International Multidisciplinary Modeling & Simulation Multiconference, Sep 2014, Bordeaux, France. pp.400

Youssef Bouanan, Merouane Bouhamidi El Alaoui, Gregory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir Using DEVS and CELL­DEVS for Modelling of Information Impact on Individuals in Social Network, APMS 2014 International Conference Advances in Production Management Systems, Sep 2014, Ajaccio, France. pp.409

Youssef Bouanan, Judicael Ribault, Mathilde Forestier, Gregory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir
Modeling and simulation of human reaction in a Multidimensional Social Network. IFAC, Vol. 48, N. 3, P. 592-597, 2015.INCOM’15 – 15th IFAC Symposium on Information Control in manufacturing.

Youssef Bouanan, Mathilde Forestier., Judicael Ribault, Gregory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir
DEVS-based framework for message dissemination in multi-layer networks. I3M’15 – The 12th International Multidisciplinary Modelling & Simulation Multiconference, Sep 2015, Bergeggi, Italy.

Youssef Bouanan, Mathilde Forestier
DEVS based Network: Modeling and Simulation of Propagation Processes in a Multi-Layers Network, Judicael Ribault, Gregory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir, Saikou Diallo,SpringSim’16 – SMSCIAAS, 2016, Pasadena, CA, USA.

Mathilde Forestier, Jean-Yves Bergier, Youssef Bouanan, Judicael Ribault, Gregory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir, Colette Faucher
Generating Multidimensional Social Network to Simulate the Propagation of Information. In Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE/ACM. ASONAM 2015 – Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, 2015, Paris, France.

Youssef Bouanan, Judicael Ribault, Gregory Zacharewicz, Bruno Vallespir
Phénomènes de Diffusion au sein des Réseaux Sociaux Multicouches: Modélisation et Simulation. JDF’16 – Les journées DEVS francophones : Théorie et Applications, 2016, Corse, France.

J.-Y. Bergier, C. Faucher
Persuasive communication from a military force to local civilians: a PsyOps system based on the Elaboration Likelihood Model, ICCI*CC 2016, 15th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics & Cognitive Computing, Stanford University, Etats-Unis.

J.-Y. Bergier, C. Faucher
Considering culture in contemporary military interventions : simulating the effects of actions of influence on a civilian population, AHFE 2016, 5th International Conference on Cross-Cultural Decision Making, Orlando, Etats-Unis.

C. Faucher, J.-Y. Bergier, M. Forestier
Capturing sub-Saharan African sociality in social networks to generate a culturally realistic population, International Conference on Culture and Computing 2015, October 17-19, 2015, Kyoto University, Japan.

M. Forestier, J.-Y. Bergier, C. Faucher
Generating Multidimensional Social Network to Simulate the Dissemination of Information, ASONAM (IEE/ACM Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining) 2015, Workshop MANEM (Multiplex and Attributed NEtworks Mining), August 25-28 2015, Paris, France.

C. Faucher, J.-Y. Bergier
Effects of some military operations of influence on a population structured within sociocultural networks, AHFE 2015 (6th Int. Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics), Conference on CCDM (Cross-Cultural Decision-Making), July 26-30 2015, Las Vegas, USA.

C. Faucher
Propagation of the effects of certain types of military operations in a networked population, AISB 2015 (Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour), Special Symposium on Social Aspects of Cognition and Computing, April 20-22 2015, University of Kent, UK.